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Eastern Arctic Kayaks


The Ice Master

Disaster at the Pole

Ship Index:
Arctic Exploration and Development c. 500 B.C. to 1915: An Encyclopedia

By Clive Holland


This 704-page book was published in 1994 by Garland Publishing (New York & London). Copies appear every now and then on the market, and when they do, bring prices in the $300 range. This alphabetical list of 1,092 Arctic ships has been edited from the book's full index.

  1. A.E. Nordenskiöld: 339, 344, 349
  2. A.T. Gifford: 470
  3. Abraham and Robert: 75
  4. Abraham Barker: 383
  5. Abram: 211-212
  6. Active (whaler): 406, 450, 452, 4S8, 46S, 471, 488, 499, 504
  7. Active, HMS: 391
  8. Adolf: 302
  9. Advance: 231, 234, 246, 248
  10. Adventure, CGS: 461
  11. Advice: 212, 229
  12. Aeolus: 258
  13. Aigle: 79
  14. Al-ki: 408
  15. Alabama: 485, 487
  16. Alaska (Canadian Arctic Expedition): 513, 515-17
  17. Alaska (mining schooner): 348
  18. Albany: 88-89
  19. Albemarle: 72-73, 77
  20. Albert (Bessels's expedition): 276
  21. Albert (British whaler): 452, 458, 465, 479, 488, 522
  22. Albert (Otto's expedition): 288-89
  23. Aleksandr Nevskiy: 146-47
  24. Aleksandr: 296, 300
  25. Alert (Gordon's expeditions): 352, 355
  26. Alert (Schley's expedition): 347-348
  27. Alert (whaler): 265, 270, 276, 383, 389, 391, 394, 401, 408, 421, 428, 433
  28. Alert, HMS: 295, 297-98
  29. Alexander (British whaler): 276
  30. Alexander (hunting vessel): 210
  31. Alexander (U.S. whaler): 384, 391, 458
  32. Alexander, HMS: 182
  33. Alfa: 283
  34. Algerine: 502
  35. Alibi: 249, 260
  36. Alice: 399, 408, 428
  37. Alle: 404
  38. Alliance, USS: 325
  39. Alma: 497
  40. Almira: 281
  41. Amely: 370
  42. America (bark): 376
  43. America (Ziegler expeditions): 439, 449
  44. Amethyst: 351
  45. Amitie: 32, 34
  46. Amity: 135
  47. Amphitrite, HMS: 229, 240, 243-45
  48. Amy: 314
  49. Andrey Pervozvannyy: 420-21
  50. Andreyan i Natal'ya: 124-25
  51. Andromeda: 521, 525
  52. Angara: 455
  53. Ann and Elizabeth: 112, 136
  54. Anna (boat): 296
  55. Anna (hunting vessel): 411, 438
  56. Anna Christine: 90
  57. Anna Elizabeth: 262
  58. Anna Louisa: 252-53
  59. Anna Olga: 513
  60. Anne Francis: 19
  61. Anne: 17
  62. Annula: 36
  63. Ansel Gibbs: 256, 264, 275
  64. Antarctic: 410, 422, 429
  65. Antoinette: 224
  66. Arcke Noë: 42
  67. Arctic (ACC steamer): 355, 381, 394
  68. Arctic (Wellman's expedition): 480
  69. Arctic (whaler): 286, 288, 292, 357
  70. Arctic, CGS: 448, 452, 457, 462, 475, 493
  71. Arctic, USS: 248
  72. Argo: 118-19
  73. Armes de la Compagnie: 78
  74. Asjø: 411
  75. Assistance, HMS: 231-33, 241, 243
  76. Astrée: 147
  77. Astrolabe: 151
  78. Atkha: 217, 236
  79. Atrevida, 160
  80. Auguste Viktoria: 409, 432, 436, 445
  81. Aurora: 375, 378
  82. Aval: 456
  83. Axel Thordsen: 262
  84. Ayde: 19
  85. Æolus: 262, 489

  86. Babayev:128-29
  87. Bachelor's Delight, 72
  88. Baffin: 190, 192
  89. Bakan: 309, 357, 425
  90. Balaena (British whaler): 406, 433, 450, 452, 458, 465, 471, 479, 488
  91. Balaena (U.S. whaler): 373, 377, 391, 401, 421
  92. Balæna (Norwegian hunting vessel): 488
  93. Baranov: 190
  94. Barbara: 91
  95. Bard: 368-69
  96. Baretto Junior: 222
  97. Baron Hambro: 261
  98. Bear (U.S. revenue cutter): 313, 353, 357, 363, 371-72, 375-76, 379-80, 387, 392, 398, 399,
  99. 405, 407, 428, 477, 514, 519-20
  100. Bear (whaler): 41
  101. Beare: 19
  102. Beaver, 160, 201
  103. Beigica: 439, 45Z-53, 469, 481
  104. Belisund: 494
  105. Beluga: 384, 391, 401, 409, 428, 45O, 452
  106. Belvedere: 399, 401, 452, 463-64, 488, 499, 513
  107. Beothic: 491
  108. Berentine: 362, 384
  109. Bertha: 364, 397
  110. Beta: 480
  111. Betsy: 125
  112. Betty: 425
  113. Bienenkorb: 276
  114. Biscaya: 36"9
  115. Biona:332
  116. Blagonamerennyy: 187
  117. Blencathra: 379-80, 389, 405, 415
  118. Blossom, HMS: 197-98
  119. Bliicher: 190, 465, 489
  120. Bon Accord: 217
  121. Bona Confidentia: 16
  122. Bona Esperanza: 16
  123. Bonanza: 445, 450, 452
  124. Bonaventure, HMS: 81
  125. Bonaventure, SS: S19
  126. Bordelaise: 209
  127. Boris i Gleb: 114
  128. Borodino: 186
  129. Boussole: 151
  130. Bowhead 1: 346, 349
  131. Bowhead II: 428, 445, 4SO, 4S2
  132. Bratvaag: 402
  133. Breadalbane, HMS: 243-4S
  134. Brighton: 314
  135. Briton: 405
  136. Buccaneer: 405
  137. Bulldog: 253, 2SS
  138. Burleigh: 519
  139. Burnoul: 393

  140. C.P. Patterson: 369
  141. Caleb Eaton: 346
  142. California: 112
  143. Calypso, HMS: 391
  144. Campbeltown: 116
  145. Camperdown: 305
  146. Capella: 416-17, 438
  147. Captain Cook: 150
  148. Carcass: 137
  149. Caritas: 97, 99
  150. Carmen:489
  151. Carnegie: 518
  152. Caroline: 261
  153. Castor (boat): 214
  154. Cat: 43, 48
  155. Catherine: 354
  156. Cecilie Malène: 332, 362
  157. Centennial: 447
  158. Ceres: 312, 338, 346, 368, 371
  159. Challenge: 471, 479, 518
  160. Charles (Foxe's expedition): 50
  161. Charles (Lucas's expedition): 73
  162. Charles Hanson: 452
  163. Charlotte: 133-35
  164. Châteaurenault: 370-71
  165. Chatham: 160
  166. Chernyy Orel: 153
  167. Chichagov (Chichagov's expedition): 128-29
  168. Chichagov (Etholen's expedition): 205
  169. Chieftain: 373
  170. Chizov: 340
  171. Chrissie C. Thomey: 495, 501-02
  172. Christiane: 438
  173. Churchill: 76, 104, 106-11, 115-22, 124-27, 15s, 158
  174. City of Topeka: 380, 387
  175. City of Chicago (raft): 369
  176. Clara Bell: 267-269
  177. Clara Light: 354
  178. Cleone: 252, 303
  179. Cleyne Swaentgen: 38
  180. Cocyte: 249
  181. Cdlleton: 71-72
  182. Columbia: 197
  183. Commodore: 277-78
  184. Conemore: 412-13
  185. Congress, USS: 286
  186. Congress (whaler): 271
  187. Conqueror: 479
  188. Constance: 280, 346, 356, 376
  189. Coral: 258
  190. Corinthian: 272
  191. Cornwallis: 351
  192. Correct: 512
    Corwin: see Thomas Corwin
  193. Cove, HMS: 212
  194. Craen: 34
  195. Craven: 73
  196. Cron Pirintz Christian: 92-94, 96
  197. Cyane-342

  198. Daedalus, HMS: 229, 238
  199. Daggery: 457
  200. Dallmann: 323, 327, 344
  201. Daniel Webster: 256, 32S-26
  202. Danmark: 463, 487, 525
  203. Danolina: 262
  204. Dawson:461
  205. Dee:212
  206. Del'fin (Ob' river steamer): 323
  207. Del'fin (Russian-American vessel): 162
  208. Dennis: 19
  209. Depenten: 428
  210. Dering [1]: 76, 77
  211. Dering [II]: 78
  212. Dering [fill: 79-81
  213. Descubierta, 160
  214. Desire [1]: 36, 38
  215. Desire [11): 37
  216. Diana (Bustion's expedition): 3S
  217. Diana (Dundee whaler): 276, 450, 452, 458, 465, 471, 479,488
  218. Diana (Golovnin's expedition)): 174
  219. Diana (Hull whaler): 269, 276
  220. Diana (Lamont's expeditions): 279, 282, 284
  221. Diana (Leigh Smith's expedition): 291-92
  222. Diana (Peary's relief ship): 418, 423, 427
  223. Diana (U.S. sealer): 516
  224. Diana (Wakeham's expedition) 404
  225. Diana (Wiggins's expedition): 294
  226. Dijmphna: 334, 339-40, 344-4S
  227. Diligence: 72-73
  228. Dion: SOO
  229. Discovery (1602-16): 28, 33, 36, 39, 40, 41
  230. Discovery (Cook's expedition): 141
  231. Discovery (Knight's expedition): 89
  232. Discovery (Middleton's expedition): 108
  233. Discovery (Vancouver's expedition), 160-61
  234. Discovery, HMS (Nares's expedition): 295, 297-98
  235. Dmitriy Solunskiy: 492
  236. Dobbs: 112
  237. Dobroye Nemereniye: 152
  238. Dolphin (boat): 197
  239. Dolphin (Ford's expedition): 124
  240. Dolphin (Wiggins's expedition): 399
  241. Dora: 387
  242. Dordon: 211
  243. Dorothea, HMS: 182
  244. Dragon: 31, 41
  245. Drie Koningen: 41
  246. Duchess of Bedford: 463-64
  247. Duen:401
  248. Dundee: 199
  249. Dzhigit: 392-93

  250. Eagle (British whaler): 378
  251. Eagle (Peary's expedition): 354-55
  252. Eagle (U.S. whaler): 276
  253. Eagle (U.S. trading ship): 522
  254. Eaglet: 67
  255. Eastmain: BS, 111, 115
  256. Eclipse (boat) 278
  257. Eclipse (whaler): 247, 293, 359, 378, 450, 452, 458, 465, 471
  258. Ecossalse: 405
  259. Eddystone: 168
  260. Eden:525
  261. Edward Bonaventure: 16, 17
  262. Eira: 319, 328
  263. Eklips (formerly Eclipse): 520, 522-23, 525
  264. Ekspeditsion: 101
  265. Eliza: 367
  266. Elizabeth (whaler): 180-81
  267. Elizabeth [1]: 22
  268. Elizabeth [III: 33
  269. Ellen: 22
  270. Elsabeth: 43
  271. Elvine-Dorothea: 287
  272. Eivira: 513
  273. Emanuell (Buss): 20
  274. Emanuell: 20
  275. Embrio: 260
  276. Emma: 247
  277. Employ: 69
  278. Engageante: 147
  279. Engel Gabriel: 53
  280. Engel: 43
  281. Engineer: 405-06
  282. Enhiörningen: 45
  283. Enigheden: 499
  284. Enigheten: 213
  285. Enterprise (whaler): 222
  286. Enterprise, HMS: 226, 229, 235-37, 241-42, 244, 246
  287. Eothen: 310
  288. Era: 315, 356, 448, 470
  289. Erebus, HMS: 222
  290. Erik (HBC): 415
  291. Erik: 265, 286, 448, 466, 474-75, 516
  292. Erlingjarl: 395
  293. Ernest William: 446, 488
  294. Esk: 180
  295. Esquimaux: 378
  296. Esquimo: 81
  297. Evelyn Wood: 267
  298. Excelsior: 408
  299. Experiment: 150
  300. Explorer: 352-53
  301. Expres: 394-95, 401
  302. Express: 311, 314

  303. Falcon: 3 75, 381-82, 386
  304. Fame: 182
  305. Familie: 438
  306. Farm: 479, 481, 490
    Father John of Cronstadt: see loann Kronshtadtskiy
  307. Favorita: 144
  308. Favory: 79
  309. Fearless: 384, 391, 394, 401, 421
  310. Felice Adventurer: 156-57
  311. Felicidad: 139-140
  312. Felix: 234
  313. Fenix, 162
  314. Fideleter: 277
  315. Filipino: 158
  316. Fleetwing: 357
  317. Fleur de Lys 1: 370
  318. Fleur de Lys 11: 374
  319. Floren: 474
  320. Florence (Tyson's expedition): 305
  321. Florence (U.S. whaler): 287, 306
  322. Foam: 249
  323. Folle: 131
  324. Fonix: 466, 489
  325. Forlorn Hope (boat): 243
  326. Fortuna: 94, 96
  327. Fortune: 43
  328. Fox: 25O, 253, 256, 299, 460
  329. Fox II: 385, 403, 430, 445, 490, 519
  330. Fram: 382-83, 419-20
  331. Frances L. Steele: 273
  332. Frances: 19
  333. Francis Allyn- 438
  334. Frankendaal: 153
  335. Franklin: 320
  336. Fraser: 304, 311
  337. Freden: 177
  338. Freia: 287, 414
  339. Freya: 286, 290
  340. Fridericus Quartus: 92
  341. Friendship: 73
  342. Frithjof: 251, 414, 416, 429, 439, 449, 459, 466
  343. Furnace: 108
  344. Fury, HMS: 191, 196
  345. Fylla: 347, 3SS, 363

  346. Gabriel: 18
  347. Gamaliel: 35, 38
  348. Gapsal': 45S
  349. Gaydamak: 296
  350. Gazelle: 351
  351. Geheimer Rat: 153
  352. Gem: 250
  353. George (Haven's expedition): 138
  354. George (HBC): 73
  355. George (Pet's expedition): 20
  356. George and Mary: 310
  357. George and Susan: 351
  358. George B. Cluett: 516, 519, 525
  359. George Henry: 243, 248, 256-57
  360. George S. Wright: 266-67
  361. George W. Elder: 424
  362. Georgiy: 279
  363. Gerkules: 504-05
  364. Germania. 274, 279-80, 285, 338, 345
  365. Gerta (formerly Hertha): S21
  366. Gilliflower: 29
  367. Ginevra: 252-53
  368. Gloa: 347, 373, 403, 438, 449-50, 464
  369. Gladan: 28S, 289
  370. Gladiator: 455, S17
  371. Glenmore: 399, 405
  372. Glow-worm: 302
  373. God Speed: 28
  374. Godhavn: 143
  375. Godspeed: 28
  376. Godthaab: 415, 438, 445, 448, 456, 460, 482, 506
  377. Golden Fleece: 327, 329
  378. Golden Gate: 266-67
  379. Golovnin: 190, 192
  380. Good Success: 88-89
  381. Göteborg: 153
  382. Gottfred: 422, 429
  383. Goude Cath: 38
  384. Grace: 28
  385. Grahame: 436, 45 7, 461
  386. Grampus (British whaler): 129
  387. Grampus (U.S. whaler): 361, 367, 373, 377, 391, 394, 401 421
  388. Greda: 445
  389. Greenland Bark: 30
  390. Grenville Bay: 212
  391. Grev Ernst Schimmelmann: 155
  392. Greyhound: 41
  393. Griffoen: 24
  394. Grigoriy Bogoslov: 239
  395. Griper, HMS: 185, 193-94, 195
  396. Grönland: 274
  397. Grønland: 291, 438
  398. Guerière, 171
  399. Gulnare: 324

  400. Haabet (Egede's expedition): 90
  401. Haabet (Grdnbdck's expedition): 345
  402. Haabet (Keilhau's expedition): 200
  403. Halve Maen: 32
  404. Hampshire, HMS: 81
  405. Hampstead: 455
  406. Hans Egede: 453, 456, 460, 470-72, 481-82, 495, 506
  407. Hans Egede 11: 510
  408. Hansa:279-80
  409. Happy Return: 74, 75
  410. Harlingen: 199
  411. Harmony: 135, 205, 339, 461
  412. Haugastoel: 525
  413. Hayes: 75
  414. Heart's Ease: 35-36, 38
  415. Hecia, HMS: 185, 191, 196, 200
  416. Hekla: 363, 372, 377
  417. Helen F.: 263
  418. Helen Mar: 373
  419. Helen: 416
  420. Helena: 348, 352
  421. Helgoland: 409
  422. Henrietta Maria: 50
  423. Henry Kneeland: 262
  424. Herald, HMS: 227-30,236-37
  425. Herman: 450, 452, 479, 488, 499, 514, 524
  426. Hertha (later Gerta): 508
  427. Herzog Ernst: S03-04, 508
  428. Hibernia (packet ship): 209
  429. Hibernia (whaler): 281
  430. Hidalgo: 394, 398
  431. Hirondelle: 131
  432. Holffengraa: 471
  433. Hoope:24
  434. Hope (British missionary ship): 11 7-18, 129
  435. Hope (Dutch whaler): 41
  436. Hope (Peary's expeditions): 389, 396, 403-04, 417
  437. Hope (Young's expedition): 329, 336
  438. Hopewell (HBC): 77
  439. Hopewell: 19, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35
  440. Horatio: 384
  441. Huband:76
  442. Hudson's Bay (II]: 84-87
  443. Hudson's Bay [1111: 87-88
  444. Hvalfisken: 173, 201-02, 271, 299, 303
  445. Hvidbiornen: 360-61, 363, 374, 378, 385
  446. Hvide Svane: 96
  447. Hvidfisken (Lowenorn's expedition): 155
  448. Hvidfisken (Norwegian hunting ship): 354, 488

  449. Ibis: 302
  450. Idaho:351
  451. letemiya: 118
  452. Ile-de-France: 458
  453. Imperator Nikolay 1: 236
  454. Ingegerd: 285
  455. Ingolf: 312, 391, 395
  456. Ino:380
  457. Intrepid (whaler): 351
  458. Intrepid, HMS: 231-33, 241-43
  459. Investigator, HMS: 226-27, 236-37, 241-45, 247
  460. loann Kronshtadtskiy: 399, 405-06
  461. loann Predtecha: 159
  462. lphigenia Nubiana: 156-57
  463. Irkutsk: 102, 105
  464. Isabel: 240
  465. Isabella, HMS: 182; (as a whaler), 203, 208
  466. lsbjornen: 284, 288-90, 3 IS
  467. Island: 143, 283
  468. Ituna: 452, 459
  469. lulian: 123

  470. J.D. Peters: 398
  471. J.J. Healy: 404
  472. Jacques-Cartier. 473
  473. ]an Mayen (British whaler): 281, 330, 354
  474. Jan Mayen (Norwegian sealer): 261
  475. Jan Mayn: 252, 260
  476. Jane: 211-212
  477. Janthina Agatha: 486
  478. Japan: 281
  479. jasai: 442
  480. Jason: 360, 403
  481. Java: 303
  482. Jeanette: 377, 380, 452, 457, 479, 488, 513
  483. Jeanie: 398, 407, 474, 482
  484. Jeannette: 313, 316, 322, 325-26, 328, 334, 341, 354
  485. Jenny: 509
  486. Jersey Packet: 134
  487. Jesse H. Freeman: 384, 391, 394, 401
  488. Joachim Hinrich: 258
  489. Johanna Maria: 283, 312
  490. John and Thomas: 74, 76-77
  491. John and Winthrop: 384, 391, 499
  492. John and Alexander: 71
  493. John and Francis: 36, 38
  494. John Carver: 354
  495. John Evangelist: 17
  496. John Howland: 342
  497. John R. Bradley: 470
  498. Jomfru Maria: 95-96
  499. Jomfru Cornelia: 97-98
  500. Jomfru Egte Sophia: 93-94
  501. Jonge Maria: 91, 95
  502. Judith: 19
  503. Julianehaab: 288
  504. Juniata, USS: 292

  505. Kamchatka: 181
  506. Kapiton (Bakhov's expedition): 113
  507. Kapiton (Basov's expeditions): I 10-1 I
  508. Kapiton (Kozhevnikov's expedition): 121
  509. Kara: 336
  510. Karluk: 377, 391, 4SO, 452, 465, 479, 488, 513, 520
  511. Kate: 271, 276, 440
  512. Katten: 29
  513. Kazakov: 210
  514. King and Winge: S14, S20
  515. King Philip: 55
  516. Kit: 525
  517. Kite: 372-73, 375, 382
  518. Kittiwake: 498
  519. Knight: 81
  520. Knut Skaaluren: 490
  521. Kohola: 259
  522. Kolibri: 441
  523. Kolyma: 486, 495
  524. Kong Karl: 337
  525. Krasnoyarsk: 455
  526. Kreyser: 35S
  527. Krotov: 210, 213
  528. Kutuzov: 179-80
  529. Kvalen: 479
  530. Kvedflord: 4S8, 466
  531. Kvik: 401

  532. L.C. Richmond: 229
  533. La Manche: 374
  534. Labrador (HBC): 341,
  535. Labrador (Wiggins's expeditions): 360, 364
  536. Laddie: S15
  537. Lady Franklin, HMS: 233 (as a whaler), 245, 247, 2SO, 260
  538. Ladyjane:212,217
  539. Laila: 490
  540. Lamprenen: 45
  541. Lancashire Witch: 359
  542. Landsing: 509
  543. Lapomink: 129-30
  544. Larkins: 180-81
  545. Laura: 406, 440, 459, 467, 481
  546. Lavelle: 461
  547. Leah: 428
  548. Ledokol [II]: 425
  549. Lena: 311, 413, 455
  550. Leo: 322, 329, 333, 343
  551. Leytenant Malygin: 379, 399
  552. Leytenant Ovtsyn: 379, 387, 392, 399, 442, 447
  553. Leytenant Skuratov: 379, 387, 392
  554. Lilloise: 208, 211
  555. Lincoln: 272
  556. Lindesnæs: 389
  557. Lion (boat): 197
  558. Lion's Whelp: 48
  559. Lionesse: 31, 32
  560. Little Juniata: 292
  561. Loch Garry: 347-348
  562. Lofoten: 367, 395, 401
  563. Loleta: 322
  564. London: 110
  565. Lord Gambier: 217
  566. Lord Saltoun: 269
  567. Lorna Doone: 393, 399, 405, 414, 486
  568. Louisa: 342
  569. Louise: 308, 313, 323, 327, 334, 339, 344-345
  570. Løwenskjøld: 508
  571. Loyalty: 78
  572. Lucinde: 342, 347, 363, 441
  573. Lucretia: 362
  574. Lucy: 73, 74
  575. Luise: 305, 309
  576. Lusitania: 384, 402
  577. Lydianna: 281, 287
  578. Lyon, HMS: 140, 143

  579. Mabel: 351
  580. McLellan: 238-40
  581. Magdalena: 258, 453
  582. Mainz: 489
  583. Malygen: 384
  584. Maria: 480
  585. Mariya: 509
  586. Mariya Magdalina: 171
  587. Maroussia: 450
  588. Martha: 421
  589. Mary (Abraham's expedition): 76
  590. Mary (Kara Sea Route expedition): 405
  591. Mary (Ross's yacht): 234, 420
  592. Mary-An Sarah: 38
  593. Mary and Susan: 357
  594. Mary D. Hume: 367, 370, 377, 384, 391, 394, 401, 409
  595. Mary Harmsworth (boat): 390
  596. Mary Margaret [II]: 38
  597. Mary Margaret (Marie Margarite): 3Z-34
  598. Mary Sachs: 5 12-13, 517
  599. Mary [IV]: 113
  600. Massachusetts: 272
  601. Matador: 432, 494
  602. Mathew: 13
  603. Matthew: 32, 36
  604. Maud: 373
  605. Mechta: 424, 432
  606. Mecklenburg: 483
  607. Meleager, HMS: 173
  608. Mercurius [I]: 23, 24
  609. Mercurius [II]: 23
  610. Mercury: 312
  611. Merkurius: 84
  612. Mermayde: 22
  613. Messenger: 69
  614. Michael Sars: 428
  615. Michael: 18
  616. Middleton: 211-12
  617. Midnight Sun: 457, 461
  618. Milton Badger: 267
  619. Minerva (Ashton's expedition): 367
  620. Minerva (U.S. whaler): 287
  621. Minnie Maud: 506
  622. Minto: 495, 501-02
  623. Minusinsk: 379-80, 455
  624. Mirage: 293
  625. Miranda: 385
  626. Mizpah: 314
  627. Moderen: 401
  628. Moller: 199
  629. Montcalm: 205
  630. Monticello: 263, 272
  631. Moone: 19
  632. Mooneshine: 22
  633. Moose: 153
  634. Morianen: 96-97
  635. Morning: 452, 458, 465, 471, 479, 488
  636. Moskva: 300
  637. Moskwa: 308, 313, 323
  638. Mount Wollaston: 312, 322, 326
  639. Mula: 399
    Munroe: see William D. Munroe
  640. Murrnan: 420
  641. Musquash: 104

  642. Nadezhda:169
  643. Nadezhda:314
  644. Nancy Dawson: 229-30
  645. Nanuk:524
  646. Narania: 405-06
  647. Narwhal (British whaler): 259, 346
  648. Narwhal (U.S. whaler): 3 73, 401, 421, 428, 440, 445, 452, 458,464-65
  649. Nascopie: 514-15
  650. Nathan: 41
  651. Nautilus (Chadbourne's expedition): 255
  652. Nautilus (whaler): 272
  653. Navarch: 384, 401
  654. Navigationen: 214
  655. Nayezdnik: 380
  656. Neptun (tourist ship): 480
  657. Neptun (trading ship): 308, 314, 323
  658. Neptune (Beebe's expedition): 330, 33.3, 343
  659. Neptune (British whaler): 216
  660. Neptune (Scott and Janes's expedition): 502
  661. Neptune, CGS: 350, 446, 448, 452, 457
  662. Neptunus: 41
  663. Neva: 169,172
  664. New Racket: 294, 355, 369
  665. Newport: 373, 377, 384, 391, 394
  666. Nicoline: 362, 367, 373
  667. Niger, HMS: 129
  668. Nightingale: 266-67
  669. Nikolay: 217
  670. Nikolay 11: 511
  671. Nile: 272
  672. Nimrod:496
  673. Nonsuch: 67
  674. Nootka: 154
  675. Nora: 414
  676. Nordbye: 244, 252
    Nordenskiöld: see A.E. Nordenskiöld
  677. Nordland: 278, 282, 307, 323-24
  678. Nordlyset: 262, 3 10
  679. Norfolk: 212
  680. Norman: 405
  681. North America: 209
  682. North Star (U.S. whaler): 328, 330, 333, 513
  683. North Star, HMS: 229-30, 237, 239-43, 245, 247
  684. North West America: IS7
  685. Northern Light: 255, 257, 384, 391
  686. Northstarre: 22
  687. Nova Zembla: 3 78, 440
  688. Novaya Zemlya: 185, 193-94, 196, 207, 215
  689. Nunivak: 427-28
  690. Nye Prove: 155

  691. Ob' (Kara Sea Route trading expeditions): 314, 339, 345, 349
  692. Ob' (Great Northern Expedition): 101, 104
  693. Ob'-Pochtal'on: 102, 106
  694. Ocean Nymph: 270
  695. Ohio: 357, 363
  696. Ohio 2nd: 362
  697. Oihonna:452
  698. Okhotsk: 219-20
  699. Ol'ga: 162, 267-68,
  700. Ol'ga Konstantinovna: 468, 473, 485, 492, 521
  701. Olga: 411, 440, 4S2, 458, 463, 465, 479
  702. Oliver: 205
  703. Omul (boat): 512
  704. Onkel Adam: 289
  705. Onsø: 524
  706. Ontario: 269
  707. Orangienboom: 38, 41
  708. Orca: 362, 401
  709. Orestes: 379-80
  710. Ornen: 29
  711. Ørnen: 355
  712. Oscar Dickson: 323-24
  713. Oscar 11: 470
  714. Otaria: 400
  715. Otkrytiye: 187
  716. Ounalaska: 348
  717. Our Queen: 312
  718. Owner's Goodwill: 74
  719. Owner's Love, HMS: 81

  720. Pakhtusov: 414, 442, 447, 451, 455
  721. Pallas (Billings's expedition): 152
  722. Pallas (Gran's expedition): 325, 332, 384
  723. Palmetto: 269
  724. Palmier: 81
  725. Pandora: 296, 299
  726. Panov:128-29
  727. Panther:277
  728. Pathfinder, USS: 431
  729. Patience: 35
  730. Patterson, USS: 430
  731. Paul: 31
  732. Pavel: 142
  733. Pchela: 173
  734. Pechora: 521
  735. Pedier: 188
  736. Peerie: 42
  737. Pelican: 486
  738. Pelican: 79, 81
  739. Pelikane: 518
  740. Pelikanen: 524
  741. Penelope: 416, 428, 440, 450, 452
  742. Perkun i Zanat: 113
  743. Perpetuana Merchant: 74
  744. Perseverance: 276, 401
  745. Peru: 299, 320, 342, 359, 371, 376, 403
  746. Pervyy.- 389
  747. Pery: 79, 82-85
  748. Petr: 110-11
  749. Petr i Pavel: 118, 120
  750. Philip and Mary: 16, 17
  751. Phoenix (HBC): 111
  752. Phoenix (Wiggins's expedition): 357, 368
  753. Phoenix, HMS: 237, 241-45, 247
  754. Pinta, USS: 351
  755. Pioneer, HMS: 231-33, 241, 243
  756. Pleasure: 41, 43
  757. Plover, HMS: 227-29, 237-38, 241, 243-47
  758. Pola: 337-38
  759. Polar Bear: 513, 524
  760. Polar Star: 420
  761. Polaris: 286, 292
  762. Polarstlernen: 283, 285, 291
  763. Polhem: 289
  764. Poli: 80
  765. Polifem: 213
  766. Pollux (boat): 214
  767. Polyarnaya: 496
  768. Polyarnaya Zvezda: 341
  769. Polynia: 370
  770. Pomor: 420
  771. Port Nelson: 87
  772. Portland: 408
  773. Portus B. Weare: 405, 408
  774. Poseidon: 497, 504, 512
  775. Pourquol Pas?: 510
  776. Primerose: 17
  777. Primo: 459
  778. Prince Albert: 231, 239
  779. Prince of Wales (whaler): Z22, 226
  780. Prince of Wales [I] (HBC): 186-87, 195
  781. Prince of Wales [II] (HBC) 230, 246
  782. Prince Rupert [I]: 68-73
  783. Prince Rupert [III] 132
  784. Prince Rupert [IV]: 132
  785. Prince Rupert [V]: 209
  786. Prince Rupert [VI]: 225
  787. Princesa: 144, 156
  788. Princess May: 461
  789. Princesse Alice: 409, 421-22, 458, 466
  790. Printz Friderich: 92
  791. Profond: 81
  792. Promysel: 217
  793. Prosperous (HBC): 78-79, 87-90
  794. Prosperous Uoseph's expedition): 38
  795. Prosperous (Woods's expedition): 70
  796. Proteus: 330, 343
  797. Prøven: 296
  798. Providence (British): 120
  799. Providence (French): 87
  800. Prudant: 79
  801. Prudence: 43
  802. Prudent Mary: 72

  803. Queen Bess: 450, 452, 458, 471
  804. Queen: 265, 266, Z81

  805. R.L. Alston: 314
  806. Racehorse, HMS: 137
  807. Raftsund:394
  808. Ragna:520
  809. Ragnvaldjarl: 384
  810. Rainbow: 351
  811. Ran:411
  812. Rattlesnake, HMS: 238, 244, 246-47
  813. Ravenscraig: 286, 312
  814. Razboynik: 364
  815. Reading: 129
  816. Recherche: 209, 211-12, 216
  817. Regina: Z96
  818. Reindeer: Z72, 383
  819. Reine-Hortense: 249
  820. Release, USS: 248
  821. Reliance (boat): 197
  822. Reliance (U.S. revenue cutter): 313
  823. Rescue: 234
  824. Resolute, HMS: 231-33, 237, 241-43, 248
  825. Resolution (Button's expedition): 36
  826. Resolution (Cook's expedition): 141
  827. Resolution (Scoresby's expedition): 171
  828. Revanche:171
  829. Richard (Gilyott's expedition): 182
  830. Richard Uoseph's expedition): 39
  831. Richard and Barnard: 36
  832. Richard Rush: 313, 376, 427
  833. Rigel: 386
  834. Ripple: 375
  835. Rising Sun: 145
  836. Rivalen: 357, 362
  837. Roanoke:428
  838. Roddam: 455
  839. Rode Lowen: 29, 53
  840. Rodgers, USS: 328, 333, 344, 356
  841. Roosevelt: 456, 474-75, 482
  842. Rosario: 384, 409
  843. Rosario (apocryphal): 55
  844. Roscoe: 287
  845. Rose-Marine: 440
  846. Rosie H.: 479, 488, 499, 524
  847. Royal: 456
  848. Royal Hudson's Bay: 78-81
  849. Ruby, HMS: 391
  850. Rurik: 425
    Rush: see Richard Rush
  851. Rustler: 398
  852. Rutgers: 267
  853. Ryurik: 178-79

  854. Sadie: 447
  855. Saide: 384
  856. Saint Andrew: 224
  857. Saint François-Xavier: 78
  858. Saint George: 136
  859. Saint Hilda: 471, 479, 488
  860. Saint Jacob: 63
  861. Saint Lucia: SS
  862. Saint Paul: 364
  863. Saint Peter (Danish): 62, 67
  864. Saint Peter (Dutch): 43
  865. Saint Pierre: 72
  866. Saint Spiritus: 55
  867. Sainte Anne: 72, 78, 80
  868. Salamander: 43
  869. Salamandre: 80
  870. Sally: 153
  871. Salutation: SO
  872. Samoyed: 399-400
  873. Sampson: 274, 279
  874. Samson: 283-84, 287, 291
  875. Samuel Owen: 314
  876. San Cdrlos, 156
  877. Santiago: 138-40
  878. Sapphire: 494
  879. Sappho: 330
  880. Saxon: 387, 393
  881. Sceptre: 147
  882. Scotia: 399, 405, 452, 458, 46S, 471, 479, 488
  883. Sea Horse: 43
  884. Sea Nymph: 119
  885. Sea Otter: 154
  886. Seaford, HMS: 81
  887. Seagul: 360
  888. Seahorse (Muscovy Co.): 35
  889. Seahorse [I] (HBC): 111
  890. Seahorse [III] (HBC): 158
  891. Seduisante: 488
  892. Seggur: 360
  893. Semmoline: 263
  894. Senta: 493
  895. Senyavin: 199
  896. Serchethrift: 17 7.
  897. 7. juni: 485, 487
  898. Severine: 273
  899. Severn: 147
  900. Severnyy Orel: 162, 164
  901. Shaftesbury: 70-71
  902. Shannon, HMS: 173
  903. Shenandoah, CSS: 263, 265
  904. Shpitsbergen: 215
  905. Siberian: 461
  906. Sibir': 309
  907. Silver Wave: 367, 370, 373
  908. Simson:455
  909. Sjøblomsten: 488
  910. Skjøn Valborg: 281
  911. Skule: S20
  912. Slava Rossii: IS2-53
  913. Slon: 127
  914. Snowdrop: 452, 465
  915. Sofia: 273, 286, 342
  916. Soleil d'Afrique: 77
  917. Solid: 275, 278, 28S
  918. Solomon: 19
  919. Sonora: 139
  920. Sophia, HMS: 233; (as a whaler), 245, 247, 250, 252, 258, 260, 265
  921. Sørkapp: 282
  922. Speedwell: 70, 131-32
  923. Spidsbergen: 266, 271
  924. Spy: 357, 362
  925. Star: 354
  926. Stella Maris: 486
  927. Stella Polare: 426
  928. Stiernen: 389
  929. Strelok: 333
  930. Strivewell: 125
  931. Success: 74, 113-14, 130-32
  932. Sultana: 263
  933. Sunneshine: 22
  934. Superior: 225
  935. Supply: 79
  936. Suvorov: 177, 180
  937. Sv. Aleksey: 146
  938. Sv. Anna: 506-07
  939. S,v. Dionisiy: 127
  940. Sv. Evpl: 137
  941. Sv. Foka: 420, 507
  942. Sv. Gavriil: 94, 98, 124, 130
  943. Sv. Georgiy: 159
  944. Sv. loann: 127
  945. Sv. Mikhail: 127, 146, 149
  946. Sv. Natal'ya: 127
  947. Sv. Nikolay: 127
  948. Sv. 01'ga: 164
  949. Sv. Pavel: 100, 128, 130, 149
  950. Sv. Petr: 100, 112
  951. Sv. Simeon: 149
  952. Sv. Vladimir: 123, 136
  953. Sv. Yekaterina: 128, 130
  954. Sv. Yellsey: 213
  955. Sveaborg:45S
  956. Svensksund: 401-02, 422, 42S-26, 471
  957. Swan: 212
  958. Swane: 23, 24
  959. Sylph: 184
  960. Syren Queen: 255, 2S7
  961. Syrene, 171

  962. Talbot, HMS: 237, 241, 243, 247
  963. Taymyr: 492, 496, 502-03, 511, 522-23, 525
  964. Tegetthof: 288-91
  965. Terra Nova: 449
  966. Terror, HMS: 212-13, 222
  967. Thames: 302
  968. Thetis, USS: 347, 357, 362-64
  969. Thomas (Frobisher's expedition): 19
  970. Thomas Allen: 19
  971. Thomas Bonaventure: 38
  972. Thomas Corwin: 313, 319, 322, 326, 328, 333, 344, 348- 49,381,40S,423
  973. Thomas [II] (whaler): 488
  974. Thomas [I] (whaler): 181, 212
  975. Thomasine: 38
  976. Thorvaldsen: 303, 307, 338, 347, 3SI, 356, 368, 411, 432
  977. Thrasher: 362, 384, 452
  978. Three Brothers: 303, 329
  979. Thule: 368-69
  980. Thyra: 460
  981. Tiger (British whaler): 36
  982. Tiger (U.S. whaler): 228
  983. Tigress, USS: 292
  984. Tiurnen: 329
  985. Tjalfe: 261, 432, 441, 472, 483
  986. Tobol':102 -
  987. Traveller: 208, 247, 3S7
  988. Trent, HMS: 182
  989. Tri Svyatitelya: 149, 156, IS8, 164
  990. Triad: 297
  991. Trifan: 202
  992. Trincomalee, HMS: 244, 247
  993. Trinitie: 17
  994. Triton: 384, 391
  995. Triune: 3S4
  996. Tropic: 341
  997. Trost: 29, 30
  998. Truelove: 217, 229, 239
  999. Tulla: 503
  1000. Tunny Fish: 43
  1001. Turukhansk: 455
  1002. Tyumen': 314

  1003. Unicorn: 119
  1004. Union (boat): 197
  1005. Union: 87
  1006. United States: 256-57
  1007. Unterweser 10: 455
  1008. Urd: 332, 337
  1009. Urup: 208
  1010. Utrennyaya Zarya: 302, 304

  1011. Vaarsol: S18
  1012. Valencia: 447
  1013. Valorous, HMS: 295, 297
  1014. Varna: 334, 339-40, 344-4S
  1015. Varyag: 267, 269, 283
  1016. Vaygach: 492, 495-96, S02-03, 51 1, S22-23, 52S
  1017. Vega: 311-12
  1018. Vera, Nadezhda, Lyubov': 121
  1019. Verdande: 332, 337
  1020. Veslemoy: 500
  1021. Victor: 325
  1022. Victoria (British): 402, 414
  1023. Victoria (U.S.): 343
  1024. Victoria Luise: 504
  1025. Victory: 202-03
  1026. Viewforth: 211-212
  1027. Vigilant: 312, 322, 326
  1028. Viking (Norwegian sealer): 332
  1029. Viking (U.S. schooner): 352
  1030. Vincennes, USS: 249
  1031. Virgo: 39S, 401, 422
  1032. Vladimir: 392-93, 442
  1033. Viiegenda Draeck: 21
  1034. Volage, HMS: 391
  1035. Voringen: 303, 306
  1036. Vos: 34, 42
  1037. Vsadnik: 299
  1038. Vtoroy: 389

  1039. W.A. Farnsworth: 303
  1040. W.C. Talbot: 269
  1041. Wailua: 251
  1042. Wanderer: 384, 391, 394, 401
  1043. Warkworth: 308, 314
  1044. Waterhont: 41
    Weare: see Portus B. Weare
  1045. Weesp: 81
  1046. West Vlieland: 96
  1047. Westminster: 225
  1048. Whale (Atkins's expedition): 97
  1049. Whale (Bateson's expedition): 136
  1050. Whale (Muscovy Company): 35
  1051. Whale (Wyatt's expedition): IS3
  1052. Whale Fisher: 153
  1053. Whalebone: 91
  1054. Wheeling, USS: 412
  1055. Whim: 297
  1056. Willem Barents: 306, 314-15, 323, 327, 329, 336, 345, 349
  1057. Willem Barentz: 388
  1058. William (Pet's expedition): 20
  1059. William (Sorensen's expedition), 342
  1060. William Baylies: 384, 471
  1061. William D. Munroe: 465, 480
  1062. William H. Allen: 306
  1063. William H. Meyer: 384, 391
  1064. William Lee: 208
  1065. William Lewis: 370
  1066. William Torr: 211-12
  1067. William Ward: 229
  1068. Windward: 383, 389-90, 417, 450, 452, 458, 465
  1069. Winthont: 24
  1070. Witte Swaen: 41
  1071. Wivenhoe: 67-68
  1072. Wolf: 346
  1073. Wrigley: 436, 457, 461
  1074. Wyman: 253

  1075. Xanthus: 281

  1076. Yakutsk: 103, 107
  1077. Yantic, USS: 343
  1078. Yasashna: 152
  1079. Yenisey: 206, 210
  1080. Yeniseysk: 455
  1081. Yermak (icebreaker): 422, 438, 455
  1082. Yermak (Kruzenshtern's expeditions): 256, 260
  1083. Yevdokim: 111
  1084. Ymer: 300
  1085. Yonge: 77
  1086. Young Phoenix: 3S7
  1087. Yukon (ACC stern-wheeler): 277-78, 364-65
  1088. Yukon (U.S. Coast Survey steamer): 294, 321-22, 343

  1089. Zaritza: 308
  1090. Zarya: 433-34
  1091. Zeta: 377
  1092. Zoe: 259