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The White Horse Star, January 2, 1901


Highlights of History from The Whitehorse Star, 1900-1909


Highlights of History from The Whitehorse Star

Explorer's Guides to Yukon Communities



1900

  • In May 1899, Percy Fremlin Scharschmidt started printing The Bennett Sun at Bennett, B.C. In early 1900, with the White Pass & Yukon Route railway being completed to White Horse and Bennett dying, he moved his equipment to the new community and started The Northern Star, which soon became The White Horse Star. No copies of the first 24 issues are known.

1901

January

  • January 2, 1901: The first issue in the online archives is Vol. 1, Number 25. Rousseau and McEachen, Publishers and Proprietors.
  • January 2, 1901: The Board of Trade is investigating easy means of reaching the Big Salmon over land. A winter trail is proposed by Mr. Sullivan, but the editor does not believe he can build a good wagon road 55 miles in length for $400.
  • January 2, 1901: The first secret society of Whitehorse is organized: the Independent Order of Foresters. The officers are: J.P. Whitney, H.M. Lay, E.Bray, W.L.Phelps, Dr. Paree, Rev. Wright, M.L. Strickland, D. MacR Minard, C.E. Strickland, Corporal Dyre, F.X. Laftsme.
  • January 2, 1901: The North Star Athletic Club elects its officers December 25, 1900 for the ensuing year: J.C. Tache, M.J. Taylor, George A. Pringle, Kate Ryan, Rev. J.C. Wright, Robert Lowe (President), J.W. Nay, C.E. Strickland, W.L. Phelps, D. MacR. Minard, A.E. Dixon, Robert McIntosh, B.J. Burde
  • January 2, 1901: The Board of Trade gives a banquet in honour of John McIntyre and W.P. Grainger and their discovery of the Copper King.
  • January 16, 1901: A new gold strike on Livingstone creek in the Big Salmon country is reported. The discoverers are the LaRose brothers.
  • January 23, 1901: Rich gold strikes are made on the headwaters of Copper River, 5000 feet above sea level.
  • January 23, 1901: A winter patrol for the Dawson- White Horse route is established by the N.W.M.P. The distance between the two points is 369 miles and "the longest of a police or military nature ever established in the latitude on the western hemisphere".

February

  • February 13, 1901: It is announced that the premier of the Dominion of Canada will pass through White Horse during the summer enroute to Dawson.
  • February 20, 1901: Coal is discovered on the C.D. cut-off, 105 miles north of White Horse. The coal was discovered by prospectors after they were shown by Indians samples of coal which had been taken from an old Indian trail.
  • February 20, 1901: Major Henry J. Woodside resigns from his position as editor of the Yukon Sun (Dawson).
  • February 27, 1901: The White Pass & Yukon Route purchases equipment including ten steamboats. terminal facilities at White Horse and Dawson, and two extensive shipyards, one at White Horse and one at Dawson. The steamboats are: the Columbian, Victorian, Canadian, Yukoner, Sybil, Bailey, Zealandian, Anglian, Mary F. Graff, Joseph Clossett. The purchase goes into effect April 1, 1901. Four other steamboats are to be ready June 1, 1901: Dawson, Ogilvie, Hamelin, McConnell. White Pass & Yukon Route also purchases the John Irving Navigation Co., operating the steamers Gleaner and Scotia and the Taku Atlin tramway.

March

  • March 6, 1901: An order is issued according to which as of March 16, gambling houses are closed and the sale of liquor in theatres is prohibited except at the bar.
  • March 6, 1901: On March 1, Ottawa issues new mining regulations abolishing the six districts of the Klondike in which one was permitted to only stake one claim on every bench, river and creek in the territory.
  • March 20, 1901: Major Primrose, in command of the N.W.M.P. at White Horse is transferred to Dawson.
  • March 20, 1901: The Yukon Morning Journal is the Yukon's newest daily paper which made its initial appearance in Dawson on March 4.
  • March 20, 1901: The Pacific Cold Storage Co. completes the erection of a combination cold and warm storage plant in Dawson. The total capacity of the plant is about 600 tons.

April

  • April 24, 1901: On April 19, the Yukon Council is placed on a parliamentary basis by order of the new commissioner.
  • April 24, 1901: Mr. H. G. Dickson, C. K., Dominion land surveyor, has just finished two elaborate blue print maps of White Horse and vicinity. One of the maps gives in detail the holdings of the W. P. & Y. Route which, including the townsite, extend along the river front a distance of three miles, with a width of from one-half to three-fourths of a mile, except one hundred feet along the water front reserved by the Government. The railroad lands comprise 17 forty acre tracts north of the townsite and one forty acre tract on the west, with 97.12 acres on the south for railway yards.

May

  • May 15, 1901: May 1 is the day of the formal transfer of all the belongings of the Canadian Development Co. Ltd to the White Pass & Yukon Route company.
  • May 15, 1901: A petition is presented to the Yukon Council to incorporate the White Horse Electric Power and Water Works Co.

November

  • November 29, 1901: It is announced that the bill for the incorporation of Dawson will pass at the next meeting of the council. R.P. McLennan will be elected the first mayor of the town.
  • November 29, 1901: Advices from Valdez say that the work on the all-American trail from that place to the Yukon River has ceased for the winter, and there is some fear here that this work is liable to be suspended or abandoned if congress does not make an appropriation to complete it.

December

  • December 23, 1901: The Yukon council established the position of the Yukon commissioner. The commissioner is appointed by the Council and does not need to be a resident of the territory.
  • December 27, 1901: Water is now delivered in White Horse by boys for five cents a bucket.
  • December 30, 1901: The total population of the Yukon 21,000. 8,500 live in Dawson, 800 in White Horse. On the Klondike creeks, which are populated almost exclusively by miners, there are over 6,000 people. There are 1,000 Indians and 300 Eskimos.

1902

February

  • February 8, 1902: Henry C. Macaulay is elected mayor of Dawson on February 6, defeating his opponent Dr. A. Thompson.
  • February 12, 1902: The Grand Annual Ball of the North West Mounted Police takes place on February 10 in White Horse.
  • February 26, 1902: Although there has never been any doubt in the minds of the people of White Horse of the value of the copper and other mineral deposits in this district, the development work now being done on the Grafter mine is very gratifying and highly satisfactory, and is proving more so with every additional foot that is being sunk in the shaft. Every assay from this mine has shown good values in gold as well as copper, and it could yet prove to be a gold mine rather than a copper mine. Two tons of this ore have been sacked and brought to White Horse and was this morning shipped to the smelter at Tacoma for treatment. The returns are eagerly looked for as it is believed the values will reach a phenomenal figure. Work is also being vigorously prosecuted on the Copper King, Corvette, Best Chance and Valerie mines and there is every reason to hope that during the next few months the mining industry in White Horse district will receive such an impetus as will forever set at rest any doubt as to its importance as a field for the profitable investment of capital.

March

  • March 12, 1902: The construction of a road between Dawson and White Horse is investigated. To that point, the Yukon River is used to access the two communities, leaving the city without mail after the end of the boating season and before the river is frozen.
  • March 22, 1902: Win Perkins becomes the new manager of the Hotel Grand as of March 21.

April

  • April 9, 1902: Supt. E. Pulham breaks the record of fast travel between White Horse and Dawson. He made the journey in an unprecedented time of 3 days and 10 hours.
  • April 23, 1902: Hydraulic machinery arrives in the Yukon on April 12, 1902 to be used on a test basis for mining. It is installed at No. 63 below on Bonanza, under the personal supervision of J.H. Adams, its inventor.
  • April 23, 1902: Inspector Fitz Horrigan is appointed deputy sheriff for the Yukon Territory.
  • April 26, 1902: Ottawa promotes Major Wood, former officer commanding the North West Mounted Police in the Yukon Territory, to the position of assistant commissioner of the force and commanding within the Yukon Territory. This change severs the connection between the Yukon and the Northwest Territories for police purposes.
  • April 30, 1902: The incorporation of White Horse is discussed in public. Main reason for the incorporation is to regulate the sale of goods by transient dealers during the summer months.

May

  • May 7, 1902: The White Horse Masonic Lodge is installed on May 5.
  • May 10, 1902: Gold is discovered in the Corvette mine in the Whitehorse copper belt: "if the ore carries anything like the values shown at present the Corvette promises to be one of the most valuable properties ever opened up in any section of the world."
  • May 21, 1902: The Sybil of the B.Y.N. fleet is the first boat of the season to reach Dawson.

June

  • June 4, 1902: Governor J.H. Ross arrives in Whitehorse May 31, 1902. He is guest at the home of Major A.E. Snyder. The Governor also meets with the Board of Trade.
  • June 11, 1902: The Semi-Weekly Star changes from spelling White Horse as two words, to one word, Whitehorse.
  • June 28, 1902: The headline states that no Chinese are wanted in the territory. The five Chinese people that arrived on the train from Skagway are warned by the Committee of Citizens to leave as soon as possible.

July

  • July 5, 1902: The Dawson City Council decides to retain the N.W.M. Police for the policing of the city.
  • July 9, 1902: The start of road construction works is announced. This includes the Dawson-Selkirk road and the Dawson-Whitehorse overland trail.
  • July 12 - August 30, 1902: A large gold dredge is built on Stewart River under the supervision of Ex-Commissioner Ogilvie. The machinery is put into place at the end of August 1902.
  • July 19: Governor Ross suffers a paralytic stroke on July 18 while travelling on the steamer Columbia from Dawson to White Horse. On August 9, Major Z.T. Wood of the N.W.M.P. stationed at Dawson is appointed temporary commissioner of Yukon Territory during the illness of Governor Ross.
  • July 30, 1902: Work on the Copper King and Grafter roads commence August 1.

August

  • August 2, 1902: The Savoy Hotel in White Horse is taken over by Jas. H. Russell and his company.
  • August 16, 1902: Deputy Minister of the Interior, J.A. Smart, takes over affairs until Governor Ross is recovered.
  • August 16, 1902: "Swan Harrison, who escaped from the Northwest Mounted police at Selkirk on the Yukon a year ago, has just been captured by members of the same efficient force at a point thousands of miles distant. Harrison has been taken a prisoner in the Northwest Territories." Read the entire article here.

September

  • September 20, 1902: Governor J.H. Ross is re-elected as governor on September 18. He was the only one nominated. Fred McLeonan is elected chairman.
  • September 20, 1902: The Canadian Bank of Commerce of Skagway is blown up by a stick of dynamite thrown by an unknown man on September 15.

October

  • October 4, 1902: Right Rev. Gabriel Breynat becomes the first bishop of the Yukon and Northwest Territories. He arrives in White Horse on September 29, on his way to Dawson.

November

  • November 1, 1902: The Imperial Hotel is purchased by W. Curtis from J.H. Russell.
  • November 22, 1902: The Platform of the Dawson Nominating Convention nominates James H. Ross as a candidate for the House of Commons.

December

  • December 6, 1902: St. Andrew's Day Banquet is held in Whitehorse by the Scottish residents.
  • December 6, 1902: Governor Ross defeats Mr. Clark in the Yukon Elections.
  • December 6, 1902: John McIntyre is assumed to be dead as he and his companion Abbey went missing on their way from Atlin to Log Cabin. Their sled and the bodies of the dog team are found December 11. The bodies of the two men were not found.

1903

January

  • January 10 - March 14, 1903: Fred T. Congdon is appointed Governor of the Yukon. He succeeds Hon. James H. Ross. He is sworn in in March 1903.
  • January 17, 1903: Robert Lowe is elected to the Yukon Council on January 15, defeating Mr. Dixon and Dr. Sudegh. Joseph A. Clarke and Mr. Thompson represent Dawson and the Klondike district in the Yukon Council. Rev. John Pringle and Max Launderville are elected representatives for the creeks.
  • January 17, 1903: Robert Purves McLennan wins the mayoral election in Dawson, defeating Donal Watson Davis, Thomas Adair, and Joseph H. Davison. Aldermen are F.N. Johnson, James Fraser Madonald, George Murphy, Michael Ryan, Abraham LaLande and A. F. Edwards.

March

  • March 7, 1903: K.B. McLennan takes over the Whitehorse Hotel through a leasing contract.
  • March 21, 1903: The North Star Athletic Club elects its new officers: Robert Lowe (president), R.D. Pinno, A.E. Fisher, Robert McDonal, Alex P. Drapes, W.S. Watsch, Sprost, J.A. Fairborn, G.C. Mellot.
  • March 21, 1903: A rich quartz strike is made in the Big Salmon country. The quartz deposit was located by R.B. Eames, James Gillisse, Mr. Geary and Henry McKern.

May

  • May 16, 1903: The body of John McIntyre is recovered May 14 (see also December 6, 1902).
  • May 16 May 23, 1903: The first boat to be launched is the Casca from the B.Y.N. fleet, on May 14. The first steamer to be put into commission for the season of '03 is the Joseph Closett, on May 17.
  • May 30, 1903: An enthusiastic crowd gathered in Whitehorse to witness the balloon ascension by John Leonard, the "Prince of the Air." Read the entire article here.
  • May 30, 1903: John Smart, a young Indian, was run over by W. P. & Y. Ry. engine 29 about half a mile the other side of Dugdale. His body was horribly mangled, and he died before the train reached Whitehorse. Read the entire article here.

June

  • June 6, 1903: As soon as the ice on Lake Laberge begins to move out the palatial steamer White Horse will sail for Dawson. All the first class accommodations of this boat have been sold and she will go down the river with a full load. The next steamer to be sent out will be the Columbian. Already tickets are being sold for her trip and the first class list is rapidly filling up. The Dawson and Selkirk will leave Whitehorse in the order named after the sailing of the Columbian. First class tickets are being purchased by almost everyone. There is such a small difference between this and the second class rate that travelers down the river are taking the best that is going.
  • June 6, 1903: The steamer Sybil, which was coming up the river from Dawson, got fast ona bar near Minto. Her passengers and mail were transferred to the steamer Clifford Sifton und were brought by that boat to the foot of the lake. The mail was packed around to the head of the lake where connection was made with the Clossett.
  • June 6, 1903: Among the display ads is one for the Anderson Hotel in Caribou, Dawson Charley, Proprietor.
  • June 20, 1903: The North Star Athletic Club in a good financial situation, it has been decided to incorporate and build a new club house. At a meeting last Tuesday, plans prepared by Mr. McAuley were presented. The plans show a building about the same size as the Arctic Brotherhood hall. The main hall will be utilized us a gymnasium and will be about 30 by 70 feet. There will be no ceiling, the hall extending to the roof. The front portion of the building will have a cozy reading room down stairs and one or two good rooms upstairs which will overlook the main hall. The cost of the building will be about three thousand dollars.

July

  • July 3, 1903: A special excursion train to the Fourth of July celebrations at Skagway will leave Whitehorse at 5 a.m. Saturday, and people can return that evening or the next morning.
  • July 3, 1903: A report on the Whitehorse Public School lists top students and those promoted to the next Standard.
  • July 3, 1903: J. H. Conrad, the Montana copper millionaire, returned from an inspection of the Whitehorse copper properties and the Engineer and Gleaner groups yesterday. He has spoken very highly of the Whitehorse prospects, and strongly advises the owners to develop their properties.

1904

March

  • March 1, 1904: For the second time during the history of Whitehorse the publishers of the Star are issuing a daily edition. Two years since when we took this action we were compelled to abandon the venture after about two months, principally because the telegraph line broke down, and the arrangements for repairing not being on as satisfactory and systematic basis as at present; the line was down for such long periods at each break that we were unable to obtain satisfactory telegraphic news, and without such a daily paper has practically no value to the subscribers.
  • March 12, 1904: Whitehorse receives from the federal government $5,000 for public buildings.
  • March 28, 1904: Arrangements are made for marking the international Alaskan boundary line. The boundary will be marked with iron posts or stone cairns.

April

  • April 12, 1904: A train carrying Japanese labourers is caught in a snow slide in BC's Selkirk Mountains and swept off the tracks into the canyon below. Two railway workers will killed, but no passengers.
  • April 13, 1904: A new crown bill empowers the Yukon Council to pass ordinances for the division of the Yukon Territory into electoral districts.

May

  • May 2, 1904: Bullion creek is at present without doubt the scene of more activity than any other locality in Yukon. On every claim both above and below discovery owners of property are busily engaged in preparing for summer work.
  • May 12, 1904: The steamer Casca is launched.
  • May 12, 1904: J. H. Conrad, representing the syndicate that has bonded the Arctic Chiet copper property, would leave Seattle today for Whitehorse and is expected to reach here next Monday. It is thought he will be accompanied by Capt. John Irving.
  • May 12, 1904: Two surveying parties are now en route from Ottawa for the purpose of surveying the Canadian-Alaska boundary under the London award of last fall.

June

  • June 21, 1904: The steamer Olive May sinks in the Thirtymile river, 14 miles down from the Lower Laberge, after hitting strucking a rock.
  • June 25, 1904 King Edward honours the service of the N.W.M. Police by bestowing on it the prefix "Royal".
  • June 30, 1904: Thomas J. Kearney of Bonanza is named the candidate of the Liberal association on June 29, for the upcoming territorial elections. Former governor J.H. Ross had previously declined his nomination.

July

  • July 1, 1904: A report on the Whitehorse Public School lists top students and those promoted to the next Standard. The school was open 124 teaching days, and attendance varied from 21 to 27 students in the Senior Room, and 14 to 21 students in the Primary Room.
  • July 1, 1904: The police steamer Vidette reached here from Dawson today and will remain in port two or three days. A patient named Bumgarten, having been adjudged insane, was brought on the steamer en route to the New Westminister asylum where it is believed his mind can be restored.
  • July 11, 1904: A special train of five coaches arrived last night with companies G and A of the United States infantry, third regiment, comprising eight officers and 135 men. The companies were direct from Columbus, Ohio, and were en route to Fort Egbert, at Eagle, Alaska.
  • July 26, 1904: The richest single piece of gold ever picked up in the Klondike is a nugget found on the Mohr fraction. It weighs 84 ounces and is absolutely free of Quartz.

August

  • August 10, 1904: A clean-up action on No. 10 Eldorado creek yields $20,000 in 2,5 days. The claim had been worked on since 1897.
  • August 18, 1904: It is announced that a railway will be built from Chena to Gilroy and Pedro creeks, in the Tanana country.
  • August 18, 1904: Dawson's Carnegie Library is formally opened August 16, 1904 by Commissioner Fred T. Congdon.
  • August 26, 1904: The new light draft steamer Tanana, built by the Northern Commercial company expressly for service on shallow streams tributary to the Yukon arrives at Chena, the final point of her maiden voyage.

1905

January

  • January 17, 1905: Ottawa discharges 30 members of the government service in the administration building and on the creeks. This is the most sweeping order that has ever come to the Yukon. The names of the concerned government employes are published in the January 18 issue.
  • January 18, 1905: George Black, attorney of Whitehorse, is nominated by the independent party as candidate for the Yukon council.
  • January 25, 1905: It is announced that the Klondike Creeks railroad running to Grand Forks will start from Dawson proper instead of from Klondike City as primarily intended.
  • January 28, 1905: Rev. J. A. Sinclair, M.A., first presbyterian Minister at Whitehorse, dies January 15 in Regina. Sinclair built the Presbyterian church in Whitehorse in 1903, the Bennett Presbyterian church in 1899 and in 1898 he was pastor of the Presbyterian congregation in Skagway.
  • January 30, 1905: The proposition to annex Yukon to British Columbia is looked upon in favour, as by that means the Yukon would escape from "present political turmoil" and cut heavy expenses. It is also argued that annexation would put the "very desirable" British Columbia laws in effect.

February

  • February 1, 1905: The federal government spend $11,500 to improve Five Fingers and Rink rapids.
  • February 8, 1905: Alfred Thompson is elected Yukon MP by a majority of 618 votes.
  • February 9, 1905: Joe Clarke is nominated by the nondescript convention, composed of neither liberals, conservatives not independents for candidate for the Yukon council.
  • February 9, 1905: The Detroit-Yukon mining company purchases the Boyle's and William's concession. The American branch of the Rothschild family is backing the Detroit-Yukon Mining company.

March

  • March 14, 1905: W. MacPherson is appointed director of surveys for the Yukon. He succeeds C.C. Chattaway.
  • March 22, 1905: The steamer Casca is purchased by the White Pass company from William Rennie. The purchase gives White Pass control of all steamers regularly operated on the upper Yukon river, between Whitehorse and Dawson.
  • March 22, 1905: Dawson is now putting up a howl over the fact that Russians are offering to work on the Dawson-Creeks railroad at $2.25 per day and board, which, by the way, is better money than the average laborer in the shaft has made for the past three years, working and loafing alternately. With Russians doing the outside manual labor, and Japs doing the cooking and chamberwork at Dawson, there is nothing left for "po' white trash" but to pack up and move on.
  • March 29, 1905: Robert Lowe is the unanimous choice of the Whitehorse district as candidate for the April 12th election to the Yukon council.

April

  • April 11, 1905: W.F. Thompson revives the temporarily defunct Yukon Sun which is now issued as a weekly paper.
  • April 13, 1905: The members of the Yukon council are elected: In North Dawson Henry C. Macaulay defeats N.F. Hagel, in South Dawson T.W. O'Brien defeats Joseph A. Clarke. In Bonanza sub-district Richard Gillespie receives majority over C. Reid. George Black is elected by acclamation in the Dominion sub-district. The council holds its first meeting August 24.

May

  • On May 23, 1905, the town of Whitehorse was partially destroyed by fire. The damage is estimated at $300,000.

August

  • August 9, 1905: The immenseness of the rich ore body in the Conrad properties on Windy Arm has been established. The vein, richer than ever, bas been pierced by a tunnel driven into the lode 400 feet down the mountain side from the point it was first discovered. That establishes that there is $50-a-ton ore all the way between and that there is a sufficient body of it now in sight to make it certain that one of the world's greatest mines is about to be opened up.
  • August 9, 1905: Extensive worl on the Yukon roads will be commenced in a few days. Already the work has been planned and the men who are to superintend it have been chosen. Nearly every road in the territory will be gone over and repairs made where needed, some being extended to reach new districts. Among the improvements mapped out by the department is a road from Carcross to the Conrad silver mines on Windy Arm.
  • August 30, 1905: The building previously occupied by the Bennett News Co. is removed from Front Street.

September

  • September 7, 1905: George Black, member of the Yukon Council, proposes a wholly elective council. Councilman Lowe opposed the resolution as conditions, population and finances of the territory don't justify it.
  • September 14, 1905: All the Dawson merchants form a combine to regulate prices. The combine goes into effect September 25, 1905.
  • September 16, 1905: A.J. MacPherson, formerly Yukon government surveyor, is appointed provincial engineer for Saskatchewan.
  • September 18, 1905: A fire on September 14 destroys the entire business district of the town of Nome. The damage is estimated at $500,000. Many are bankrupt as a result of the fire.
  • September 26, 1905: E.C. Senkler, gold commissioner, is married to Emma McFarlane.

October

  • October 3, 1905: It is announced that Dawson will receive magazines and newspapers during the winter 1905/06.
  • October 5, 1905: Steamer White Horse leaving on October 8 for Dawson is the last down river steamer of the season.
  • October 14, 1905: The sawmill at Caribou burns to the ground. The estimated damage is $30,000.
  • October 24, 1905: The Yukon gold output for the 1905 season is $7,758,904,80, with gold at $16 per ounce.

November

  • November 17, 1905: Rev. I.O. Stringer of Winnipeg is elected bishop of the diocese of Selkirk November 16, 1905. He follows Bishop Bompas who resigned because of old age.
  • November 17, 1905: Tagish Charley, an Indian well known throughout the Yukon, dies on November 12.
  • November 28, 1905: The new directors of the North Star Athletic Association are Robert Lowe, Dr. P.E. Scharschmidt, Percy R. Peele, G.B. Edwards, Robert Smart, G.D. Reid, J. Fairborns, H. Taylor.

December

  • December 1, 1905: Two old-time Yukoners were lost back on October 26th when their scow was sucked under the ice below Coal Creek. Lost were James Sullivan, manager of the McDonald Trading Company at Dawson, and builder B. F. Sinclair from South Dawson.
  • December 1, 1905: At a cost of more than $50,000 the Alaska Steamship Company is installing new boilers in the liner Dolphin, and converting her to an oil burner.
  • December 6, 1905: Constable Vinail, secretary of the R. N. W. M. P. skating rink organization, announces that the skating rink at the barracks will be open for the first time tomorrow night to all persons holding invitations. The ice is in fine condition and an evening of rare entertainment is promised.
  • December 6, 1905: A fire at the blacksmith shop at the police barracks was quickly contained, but considerable water damage was done to the adjoining tailor shop, and several firemen got frostbitten ears.
  • December 6, 1905: John Pugh of Vancouver has opened a taxidermy shop at Carcross.
  • December 15, 1905: Allen McDonald sold his lot and cabin situated on Front Street in Conrad to August Voelpel, formerly of the Whitehorse Steam Laundry. The price is said to be in the neighborhood of $800.
  • December 26, 1905: The coastal steamer Portland goes ashore on Spire Rock on December 21 and is completely destroyed.
  • December 26, 1905: Billy Weisdeppe, the popular owner of the "Diamond W" outfit, drove a party of friends from Conrad over to Caribou on Christmas night in one of his four horse sleighs, returning the following day. The oldtimers at Caribou have not yet recovered from the shock und novelty of seeing a four horse stage.

1906

January

  • January 12, 1906: A rich body of high grade ore is discovered in Black Hawk Claim in the Windy Arm District.
  • January 17, 1906: The local government assay office presided over by Robert Smart is now the only one in Yukon Territory.
  • January 25, 1906: All Yukon is shut off from telegraphic communication with the outside world due to bad weather.
  • January 26, 1906: Godfrey Chealauder, the hustling commissioner of the Alaska-Yukon exposition, inaugurates the preparations for the exposition to be held in Seattle in 1909.

February

  • February 1, 1906: Peter Richen builds a hotel in the new mining town of Conrad. The building will be 30 by 80 feet, two and one half stories, with an annex 18 by 30 feet. It is his aim to make his new place of business first class in every particular.
  • February 1, 1906: Dawson votes for a hydrant water system.
  • February 6, 1906: Capt. Roald Amundsen leaves Eagle for Herschel island, where he rejoins his vessel.
  • February 8, 1906: Yukon Commissioner Hon. W.W.B. McInnes arrives in Whitehorse on his way from Dawson to Ottawa.
  • February 13, 1906: G.H. Sproat, superintending engineer of the B.Y.N. fleet of steamers, dies in Victoria.
  • February 15, 1906: The Whitehorse Carnival is a great success.
  • February 24, 1906: Dr. Thompson becomes the Yukon MP.

March

  • March 2, 1906: J.P. Rogers resigns from his job as superintendent of the White Pass railway as of April 1. He is succeeded by Victor I. Hahn. Hahn takes charge of the office duties March 15.
  • March 9, 1906: In preparation for heavy traffic along the Alaskan Coast, the Northwestern Steamship Company buys three new steamers (Orizaba, Saratoga, Yucatan) of 3000 tons.
  • March 12, 1906: The Monte Carlo building on First Avenue in Dawson is destroyed by fire on March 8.
  • March 19, 1906: White Pass & Yukon Route joins the Rosene company to build a railroad up the Copper river from Valdez.
  • March 26, 1906: Ottawa asks the White Pass company to lower prices for their freight charges into Dawson and the Klondike country.
  • March 26, 1906: Wrangel, the oldest town in southeastern Alaska, burns down to the ground on March 24. The loss is estimated at $1,000,000.
  • March 29, 1906: By an arrangement made between the Bank of Commerce and the Bank of British North America, no more American silver is put in circulation in Dawson, in conformity to an order issued by the Dominion government for the recall of all American silver.

April

  • April 2, 1906: According to the Dawson News, there is no truth to be found in any statement that the government has decided to reduce the force of the R.N.W.M P. in the Yukon to fifty men.
  • April 2, 1906: The Guggenheims take over all the Treadgold interest on Bonanza, on March 31.
  • April 28, 1906: In San Francisco, the last sign of confusion caused by the terrible disaster of April 18th (the great earthquake), has disappeared, and order is at last restored. Active preparation for rebuilding the city are already well under way. Many improvements are to be made, such as wider streets and doing away with Chinatown. The chinks are now encamped at the Presidio, and it has not been decided as yet where they will be allowed to build. Capt. Ritter, of the marine guard, arrested a militiaman named Wilder for reckless shooting. Wilder is twenty years of age and it is said he would shoot at men like at mad dogs.

May

  • May 4, 1906: "The Daily Evening Star" becomes the "The Weekly Star".
  • May 4, 1906: The similarities between the ore bodies found on Conrad Mountain and those made at Mount Davidson 35 years ago are striking, and a new Virginia City may be about to be developed in the Yukon.
  • May 18, 1906: T. M. Daulton, president and superintendent of the Anglo-American Mining company of the Windy Arm mining district, arrived on the City of Seattle and will leave tomorrow for the mines where they will begin the work of preparing for the season’s activities. Ira Petty, the original owner of the Montana, the Venus, and many other choice Conrad properties, and who still owns property in the Windy Arm district, also arrived on the City of Seattle. He will spend several months at Caribou and Conrad.
  • May 18, 1906: It was announced today that new timber regulations are being prepared for the Yukon. No more timber berths are to be granted; all timber in the future must be acquired by permits. Owners of road houses and settlers will get their timber free.
  • May 25, 1906: The business district of Fairbanks has been practically wiped out by fire. Losses are expected to reach $2,500,000. The Northern Commercial company is feeding the destitute from their warehouse stock, which was saved.

June

  • June 8, 1906: D. D. Cairnes and H. Matheson of the Geological Survey of Canada arrived from Ottawa on Saturday. They intend to spend a couple of weeks at Windy Arm looking over the mines and other places. They will then visit the coal mines this side of Whitehorse and also at Tantalus. On their return trip they will come by the way of the Wheaton river and explore that place thoroughly. They intend to remain in the country until the first of October.
  • June 15, 1906: Right Rev. William Carpenter Bompas, D.D. dies at Carcross on June 9.
  • June 15, 1906: The Dominion Hotel in Whitehorse is leased by Mrs. R. Kelsey.

July

  • July 13, 1906: Works on the Peace River-Yukon trail resume. It is planned to finish the trail.
  • July 13, 1906: Mining at Pueblo Mine begins.
  • July 20, 1906: A rich vein of gold-bearing quartz is discovered near Robinson, at the headwaters of the Watson River.
  • July 27, 1906: W.C. Grainger and H.W. Vance locate and file application for a townsite at the railroad siding known as Robinson, 21 miles south from Whitehorse.

August

  • August 3, 1906: Governor McInnes visits Whitehorse on July 30.

September

  • September 28, 1906: The White Pass steamer Columbian is wrecked by the explosion of three tons of black powder aboard. The accident occurred on the Yukon River at Eagle Rock on September 25. After the explosion the steamer was run to the shore where she burned down. Five people die in the accident, more are injured.

October

  • October 19, 1906: Thanksgiving in Whitehorse Slightly Insipid. Yesterday was Thankegiving and as such was observed by the school, bank and all the public officers. The fact that there were no turkeys to be had tended to detract from interest in the day.
  • October 19, 1906: Every steamer arriving from Dawson for the past three or four weeks has been loaded to the guards with passengers, but none have been crowded equal to those arriving during the past week. The Dawson, Canadian, Selkirk and White Horse, the latter arriving in this afternoon, were all crowded to their full capacity.
  • October 19, 1906: Margaret Flemming is married to Joseph Wellington Clifton on October 17.

November

  • November 2, 1906: Winter mail service from Whitehorse northward is inaugurated October 29.

December

  • December 14, 1906: A railroad project is incorporated under the laws of the state of Washington November 27. The incorporaters are headed by Jack Dalton. The route of the line commences at Haines Mission. The railroad renders accessible important and established placer camps along the Lynn canal, the Chilkat river, the Klenihi river and the Porcupine river.
  • December 28, 1906: The government house in Dawson burns down December 26. The house was erected in 1901.

1907

January

  • January 18, 1907: A petition is filed to prime minister Wilfrid Laurier for the appointment of Mr. Lithgow as commissioner of the territory.

February

  • February 8, 1907: The Guggenheims secure control of the railroad and steamer lines of the White Pass & Yukon Route company. The Star admits however that the "report has not been verified and is not credited at White Pass headquarters in Skagway".
  • February 15, 1907: A masquerade skating carnival is held with great success in Whitehorse. The celebrations are followed by a grand ball.

March

  • March 15, 1907: The Weekly Star prints "an excellent review" of Robert Service's recently published book "Songs of a Sourdough". For the paying teller of the Whitehorse branch of the Canadian Bank of Commerce this is the next step on the ladder to fame.
  • March 22, 1907: Northern Pacific started work on a railroad line connecting Winnipeg and Dawson.

April

  • April 5, 1907: Lower Yukon river Nenana Indians are threatened to be extinguished as an "unknown" disease affects the community. Yet, no white living in the area seem to have been attacked by the disease.

May

  • May 10, 1907: William P. Grainger and Gilbert Joyce die on May 9 as result of a fire damp in a shaft of Copper King mine. It is Whitehorse's first mine disaster.
  • May 10, 1907: The White Pass Hotel has undergone & wonderful transformation in the recent past due to the enterprise of Manager P. D. McMillan and the highly artistic skill of woodworkers, paperhangers, painters and decorators, traces of the delicate hands of artistic workmen being apparent in every room of the house.
  • May 10, 1907: A big ice jam a short distance below Yukon Crossing early Tuesday morning caused the water to back up and overflow the banks of the river until it was nine feet deep in the roadhouse at that place. Three horses were drowned in the stable at the crossing, two of them being owned by the White Pass company and the other by Reynolds, the roadhouse keeper.
  • May 24, 1907: A strike that places the Copper King mine in the top row of the list of local mining property was made Monday this week when a well defined ledge of copper in place, four feet wide and of unknown depth, was uncovered a short distance below the shaft in which Grainger and Joyce lost their lives two weeks ago yesterday.

June

  • June 7, 1907: With the opening of Lake Laberge there is a direct waterway connection between Whitehorse and Dawson and the navigation season starts.
  • June 7, 1907: Joe Hutton, one of the most popular business men in Dawson, died Monday, May 27th, of beart failure. He was one of the pioneers, proprietor of the celebrated Mug restaurant in Skagway during the Klondike rush, and later of the toen's Mondamin hotel. He went to Dawson in 1901, and had been in business there ever since.
  • June 21, 1907: Vancouver jurist Alexander Henderson is named Governor/commissioner of the Yukon Territory on June 17.

July

  • July 12, 1907: The world's biggest placer merger is perfected in Dawson June 25, whereby the Guggenheim interests takes over properties from A.N.C. Treadgold, Northwest Hydraulic company, and Yukon Consolidated Goldfields company, and other smaller companies. By the deal the Guggenheims absorbs all the placer properties in Klondike watershed. Hundreds of claims - Eldorado, Bonanza, Hunker, Bear - are included in the deal. It is estimated that the claims costs the company ten million dollars.
  • July 19, 1907: Statistics show that there are 104 licensed saloons and bars in the Yukon.

August

  • August 16, 1907: A road is built to the War Eagle mine, from a point on the Whitehorse-Dawson road. Supervising engineer is Sam McGee.
  • August 23, 1907: The largest single order for general groceries ever placed on the West coast is received by a Vancouver firm from the Guggenheims. The order calls for the supplying of 500 tons of general provisions-for immediate shipment to Dawson.

September

  • September 6, 1907: Inspector Fitz Horrigan, R.N.W.M.P., is transferred from Whitehorse to Dawson.
  • September 27, 1907: Boronite City is the name of a new town at the mouth of Williams Creek, on the Yukon River between Dawson and Whitehorse. An extensive copper ore body has been located in the area. The new town has between 15 and 20 inhabitants.

October

  • October 4, 1907: The Yukon Council urges the building of a spur at Whitehorse to tap certain copper mine. Construction of the railroad spur is underway as of October 25.

November

  • November 1, 1907: Pauline is the last steamer of the season.
  • November 1, 1907: Prince Rupert's first born child is a Japanese girl.
  • November 8, 1907: A book about "Soapy" Smith and the history of his tragic death at Skagway in 1898 is published.

1908

January

  • January 3, 1908: Merchant Isaac Taylor celebrated the last day of the old year by moving his family into their new home which has just been completed by him at the corner of Elliott street and Second avenue, and which is among the most attractive homes in Whitehorse.
  • January 3, 1908: Corporal Andreason and Constable Brewster arrived Monday evening from Livingstone where they are stationed at the R.N.W.M.P. post. They came in with a team and report the trail in fairly good condition. They say more people are employed on Livingstone and adjoining creeks this winter than during any previous year at the same season.
  • January 17, 1908: Assistant Gold Commissioner RC. Miller and Ole Dixon walked all the way to Takhini hot springs. They both express the belief that the springs will, when accommodations are supplied, be very popular as a resort for people with feet, rheumatics and all complaints of like nature.

March

  • March 6, 1908: The masquerade skating carnival followed by a grand ball on February 28, 1908 attracts a big crowd.

May

  • May 15, 1908: The first of Stewart River gold dredges is underway. William Ogilvie, head of the Yukon Gold Basin Gold Dredging Company Ltd., supervises the installation. The dredge is launched into the waters of the Stewart River on June 15.

August

  • August 7, 1908: That Leon Sochia, the man who claimed he was held up by masked men and robbed of $450 on the railroad track gear Pennington while mushing to the outside about June 20th, was a liar of the first magnitude, the police are now firmly convinced. In talking to the chief of police at his home in Everett, Wash., the story appears to have been concocted to allow him to get away with several hundred dollars he had been entrusted with.
  • August 7, 1908: Regardless of the precautions taken for the protection of game, two different parties bent on slaughter left here this week for the Pelly and McMillan countries. They are H. Von Bergen of Berlin, and Count Hoyos of Vienna, Austria.
  • August 14, 1908: To dispel the rumours about why construction on the railway spur into the Whitehorse copper belt has been halted, W. P. & Y. R. President Samuel H. Graves has made a statment, part of which is: "The real and only cause of the suspension of work on the spur is this: The owners of mining property lying north of the Best Chance claim have declined to give ue any guarantee that they will ship ore from their properties even after the track is laid to them and for us to put down our ties and rails to rot and rust from disuse would not be business."
  • August 14, 1908: William Drury, lately returned from the Teslin store of Taylor & Drury, brought with him 10 grizzly pelts, most of them around 9 feet in length. With one exception, they were killed while in hibernation, by Indians.
  • August 28, 1908: Mining Recorder L. T. Burwash and Mrs. Burwash will leave in the next few days to start an investigation into the best route for a highway into the White River country - from Whitehorse via Kluane, or from Dawson.

September

  • September 4, 1908: Mrs. W. Robison has received and has now on display the finest consignment of Ladies Hats and Millinery ever brought to Whitehorse. Everything direct from Paris and is of the very latest styles.
  • September 4, 1908: Four articles report on the activities of Colonel John Howard Conrad. He has purchased the Sunrise Group in the Wheaton country; his property at Porcupine, with a work force of 150 men, is doing very well; the new concentrator at the Venus mine will be completed within two weeks; and he, with a sister and her husband, have left Carcross to visit his Porcupine properties.
  • September 4, 1908: the new gold dredge being operated on the Stewart River by the Yukon Basin Gold Dredging Company is doing very well, averaging a dollar per bucket, with 2,200 buckets per day being processed.
  • September 11, 1908: It is a well known fact that Yukon has been the dumping grounds for undesirables ever since the first rush to the country the fall of 1897, but the law respecting undesirable immigrants is now being rigidly enforced at the Summit. Read the entire article here.
  • September 18, 1908: A rich strike of high grade ore is made in the Wheaton country, on the property of Col. J.H. Conrad and known as "Sunrise Group".

October

  • October 2, 1908: The pipe for the local water system arrived from Vancouver on Wednesday's train and within the next 24 hours it had been distributed along the streets on which it will be laid - Front street from the Pioneer hotel to the BYN stables and Main street from Front to the NSAA hall.
  • October 2, 1908: The editor visited Carcross last Saturday and found that place, not hilariously booming, but fully as lively as the town he left in the morning. Colonel Conrad is still there and wherever he is there are usually doings.
  • October 2, 1908: C. Wynn-Johnson returned to Skagway today, taking with him the police launch, Jessie, which he bought and will ship to Vancouver for overhaul. The present machinery will be replaced by a 30-hp engine and its furnishings will be of the very finest. Mr. Wynn-Johnson will use it as a private launch.
  • October 9, 1908: Work at the Arctic Chief mine is being steadily carried on. A new tunnel on a level 65 feet lower than the old tunnel is now in a distance of 323 feet and reveals a gigantic body of rich ore, the extent of which is practically incalculable.
  • October 16, 1908: The Whitehorse-Carcross road, constructed under the supervision of Sam McGee, is finished.

December

  • December 4, 1908: The Commercial Hotel was badly damaged by fire and water on December 2. Chief Hume and his men did heroic work but the fire was one of the ugliest in local history owing to the fact that it was practically inaccessable until holes were cut through the iron with which the entire building is encased, and not until thousands of gallons of water had been thrown into the building was the vital spot reached.
  • December 4, 1908: Of all the mining operations now being carried on in the Windy Arm country, the workings of the concentrator recently installed are of the greatest. It is situated on the west side of the arm about three miles south of Conrad and immediately below the tunnel whieh enters the Venus mine, probably the most valuable single mine in the entire North, its values consisting of gold, silver and lead, silver predominating.
  • December 25, 1908: Staff Sargeant O. W. Evans, accompanied by "Shorty" Austin, arrived in town Saturday evening, having driven over the new government road from Carcross where the former has charge of the Royal N. W. M. P. station. They returned Weduveday morning.
  • December 25, 1908: Word has reached here from Conrad that a four horse team belonging to the Yukon District Gold Mining Company was on the way over the lake to Carcross with 70 sacks of concentrates when the ice gave way and everything went to the bottom of the lake except the driver. The horses and sled broke through the ice and sank in water estimated to be 1000 feet deep just off the mouth of Pooley canyon, the driver Jimmy Shaw, barely escaping with his life after standing for some time on a cake of ice only six feet square. The horses first broke through, dragging the sleigh after them. The ice was fully seven inches thick and was supposed to be perfectly safe. The loss to the company is estimated at $1800.
  • December 25, 1908: That triple hanging at New Westminster was pulled off on schedule last Friday when two negroes and a Chinese were launched into eternity by Hangman Radcliffe. It was the first triple hanging to ever take place in Canada.

1909

January

  • January 15, 1909: "Big Alex" McDonald, who for many years in the early history of the Yukon bore the name "Klondike King", drops dead while at work on Clear creek on January 8.
  • January 29, 1909: Hana Livingstone, daughter of Mr. And Mrs. Livingstone, is married to Williard L. Phelps.

May

  • May 7, 1909: Herman W. Vance, the well known mining man of Conrad, has resigned the position of general manager of the Venus mine and concentrator and will devote his time to the management of operations at the Big Thing mine in which he is an owner.
  • May 7, 1909: J. P. Rogers, formerly superintendent of the White Pass and Yukon railroad, has been appointed superintendent of the Spokane, Portland & Seattle branch of the O. R. & N. railroad, with headquarters at Vancouver, Wash.
  • May 21, 1909: W.S. McGee leaves the territory and moves to Saskatchewan.

July

  • July 2, 1909: Robert Lowe and Williard L. Phelps win the June 28 elections for Yukon council for the Whitehorse district, defeating Mr. Campbell.
  • July 23, 1909: 3 p.m. on July 15 marks an epoch in the history of Yukon territory: the first all-elective Yukon council is assembled at that hour, with all members present. The members are, Charles Bossnyt, A.W.H. Smith, James William Murphy, Angus Mcleod, Roderick Leander Ashbaugh, Frank McAlpine, Robert Lowe, Williard L. Phelps.
  • July 23, 1909: The Yukon government pays for the shipment of 120 men out of Dawson as a measurement to lower the unemployment rate.

August

  • August 13, 1909: The Governor General Earl Grey pays a short visit to Whitehorse while enroute from Ottawa to Dawson.

September

  • September 17, 1909: The work of marking the boundary line between Alaska and the Yukon Territory in White River country is completed.

October

  • October 8, 1909: The Board of Trade names its officers for the ensuing years. President is W.C. Pedlar with W.A. Puckett as vice-president.
  • October 29, 1909: The independent steamer LaFrance is the season's last steamer out from Dawson.
  • October 29, 1909: Mail Route Supt. Herb. Wheeler started out men and teams Wednesday morning with lumber for a new roadhouse which will be erected at Braeburn, the owner of the present house at that place having decided to not open it this season. As Braeburn is one of the regular posts on the winter trail, it is necessary that a roadhouse be operated at that place.

November

  • November 5, 1909: George Matheson, well known here where he lived most of the time for the past several years, was found dead in his canoe on Tagish bar one mile below Carcross shortly after noon Monday. It is felt he fell in the water while pushing his boat off the bar, then died of exposure.
  • November 5, 1909: Anxiety about Bishop Stringer's fate is felt as the last steamer from the Yukon river reaches Dawson in October without a word about the bishop's whereabouts. He is long overdue from a visit to Herschel Island.
  • November 12, 1909: The rate war on steamers plying between lower coast points and Southeastern Alaska ports is still on, the rate from Skagway to Vancouver and Seattle being firm at $12.50 per capita and freight is still moving at $5 per ton.

December

  • December 10, 1909: Bishop Stringer, long overdue from a visit made to Herschel island in the Arctic ocean last summer, has been heard from. Tuesday of this week Major Snyder received a wire from Captain Wroughton, officer in command of the Royal N.W.M.P. at Dawson, stating that Indians had arrived there from the lower river and reported the bishop as being at Fort Yukon on his way from Fort Macpherson to Dawson.
  • December 31, 1909: Rev. H. A Cody with his wife and little son bid goodbye to Whitehorse yesterday morning and left for Skagway en route to their new home at St. John, New Brunswick.
  • December 31, 1909: At 8:10 p.m. on Christmas Eve, fire was discovered in the attic of the Caribou Hotel at Carcross and as there is no fire protection there all the buildings in that immediate vicinity were smouldering ruins within one hour. The Caribou Hotel and Frank McPhee's general merchandise store in it, the railroad depot and Customs house, and George Fickhard's grocery store were all wiped off the face of the earth.


Continue to January 1910